Dr Ruth Tatlow
Ruth Tatlow is a visiting researcher in Musicology at Uppsala University. Much of her research has focused on the thought processes and beliefs that affected the choices made by composers and poets living in the long eighteenth century, with Lutheran Germany and J. S. Bach at the centre.
Unresolved questions about what happens in performance, emotionally and structurally, motivated Dr Tatlow to study Musicology after her first training as a clarinettist. Musical analysis and a broad exploration of compositional processes led with an inevitability to the works of J. S. Bach (1685–1750) and to Lutheran culture in German-speaking regions.
Her research began with the problem of whether Bach and his contemporaries could have known and used number alphabets as a means of invention. Dr Tatlow’s discovery (in 1986) that number alphabets were commonly known and used by poets in Bach’s time necessitated a wider search for specific number systems that could have been used in musical scores. To test for their possible use, she developed a strict historically informed method, which led to the formulation of the theory of proportional parallelism (in 2007). A full explanation of the principles of the theory, with practical illustrations, were published eight years later in the prizewinning monograph, Bach’s Numbers (Cambridge University Press, 2015). One by-product of this research is the demonstration that belief in the millennia-old system of Universal Harmony was still active in Lutheran Germany throughout the eighteenth and into the early nineteenth century. A further spin-off is a new reading of early modern theories of how proportions in music create an emotional response – a topic she will be researching during 2023.
Interest in communicating research discoveries to beyond the academy led Dr Tatlow to co-found Bach Network in 2004 and its peer-reviewed publications , to design and co-edit the peer-reviewed journal Understanding Bach (2006–2017), and envision the new multimedia publication Discussing Bach (2020–). Dr Tatlow is currently chair of the Bach Network Council.
- Bach Cantatas, Poetic Techniques, and Meanings, Discussing Bach 5 (November 2022), featuring Ruth Tatlow, Michael Marissen, and Michael Maul.
- Symmetry and a Template: Bach’s well-Tempered Clavier and Chopin’s Preludes, Opus 28. In Bach and Chopin: Baroque Traditions in the Music of the Romantics. Warsaw: The Fryderyk Chopin Institute (2020), 51–86. Edited by Szymon Paczkowski.
- Mozart’s La clemenza di Tito: A Reappraisal. Stockholm University Press, 2018. Edited with Magnus Tessing-Schneider
- Bach’s Numbers: Compositional Proportion and Significance. Cambridge University Press, 2015.
- Collections, bars and numbers: Analytical coincidence or Bach’s design?, Understanding Bach 2 (2007), 37–58.
- When the Theorists are Silent: Mattheson, Bach and the Development on Historially Informed Analaytical Techniques. In What kind of theory is music theory: Epistemological Exercises in Music Theory and Analysis. Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmienisis (2007), 203–216.
- The Use and Abuse of the Golden Section and Fibonacci Numbers in Musicology Today, Understanding Bach 1 (2006), 69–85.
- Bach and the Riddle of the Number Alphabet. Cambridge University Press, 1991.
- Ingmar Bengtsson Priset for ‘an outstanding contribution to musicological research’, Royal Swedish Academy of Music, Stockholm, 2018
- ALA Choice ‘Outstanding Academic Title 2016’ for Bach’s Numbers: Compositional Proportion and Significance. Cambridge University Press, 2015